report synopsis Automatic drilling machine mechanical project

Synopsis

On

Automatic Drilling Machine

Summitted by:

Submitted to:

HOD electronics

Guru Nanak Dev Engineering College

Ludhiana

Contents:

Introduction

Block diagram

Components required

Bibliography

Acknowledgement

:

Block diagram

Conveyor with motor and drill to move drill left and right

 

Drilling machine

 

Plastic

Frames

With

gears

Plastic

Frames

With

Gears

And

Motor to move up down

 

Movable Job place with motor

 

Introduction:-

In this semester we will make project on industrial automation. We Will make project on

Automatic drilling machine. In this project we will use four motors. First of all we try to use electronics circuit in this project. As its impossible for us to implement it using electronics circuit. So we tried it with special motors. We are trying it to buy from Delhi – motors with rpm control. Now in this project we will use one motor to move job bed forward and backward. Another motor will move drilling from on plastic pillars frames.

It will move on gear assembly to hold the frame at any stage.

Drill will be hand made. And we will keep function to move drill on attached from, so we can move frame left and right. The advantage of this project is we are doing automation without electronics, hydraulics or pneumatic. The cost of project is very low.

Stepper motor

stepper motor have five wires . One for common supplies another four for winding purpose. By giving different signal to each we will control the stepper motor.

The wires from the Logic PCB connector to the stepper motor in a TM100 Disk Drive are as follows

This kind of motor has four coils which, when energised in the correct sequence, cause the permanent magnet attached to the shaft to rotate.

There are two basic step sequences. After step 4, the sequence is repeated from step 1 again.

Reversing the order of the steps in a sequence will reverse the direction of rotation.

a. Single-Coil Excitation – Each successive coil is energised in turn.

Step

Coil 4

Coil 3

Coil 2

Coil 1

a.1

on

off

off

off

a.2

off

on

off

off

a.3

off

off

on

off

a.4

off

off

off

on

This sequence produces the smoothest movement and consumes least power.

Single-Coil Excitation

Inside a Stepper Motor

The stepper motors we are concerned with are those taken out of old 5 ¼” floppy disk drives. Some of the comments below may therefore not apply in all cases…

A

B

C

D

The simplest way to think of a stepper motor is a bar magnet and four coils.

When current flows though coil “A” the magnet is attracted and moves one step to the right. Coil A is then turned off and coil “B” turned on. The magnet moves another step to the right. Coil “B” is then turned off and coil “C” turned on. The magnet moves another step to the right and so on…

A similar process occurs inside the stepper motor, but the ‘magnet’ is cylidrical and rotates inside the coils.

In order to make a stepper motor rotate you must turn on each coil in the correct sequence. The motor will continue to rotate as long as you continue the sequence. A typical code sequence would be:

count := 1
repeat

port[888] := 1;
delay(50);
port[888] := 2;
delay(50);
port[888] := 4;
delay(50);
port[888] := 8;
delay(50);
count := count + 1;

until count > 50;

NOTE1: The “delay” is needed provide enough time for the magnetic field inside the coils to build up and the magnet to move. Without the ‘delay’, the coils will switch on and off so fast that the magnet will not get a chance to be attracted and it will not move.

NOTE2: To reverse the direction, simply reverse the output order.

The Coil Switch-on Sequence

The stepper motor in a 5 ¼” floppy drive (the one that moves the head back and forth over the disk – NOT the one that spins the disk) has FIVE wires coming out of it. If you are lucky they will be coloured Brown, Yellow, Red, Blue and White. (Many of the ones I’ve looked at have five brown wires!)

The ‘four’ coils described above are actually arranged as two 150 ohm coils with centre taps. The centre taps are lines “1” and “2” in Figure 1.1. This line is generally called the “common”.

Figure 1.1


Measuring the resistance between each of the wires coming out of the motor produces the following readings:


Measured Resistance (ohms)

 


1


2


1a


1b


2a


2b


1



0


75


75


75


75


2


0



75


75


75


75


1a


75


75



150


150


150


1b


75


75


150



150


150


2a


75


75


150


150



150


2b


75


75


150


150


150


One of the five wires is the ‘common’. You can easily identify the common with a multimeter. It will be the one that reads 75 ohms between it and all the other four lines in turn. The other four are impossible to identify using a multimeter. You will need to use an interface and connect it to a computer for the next step. (You could just use wires from a 12 volt battery if you wanted.)

Using the Demonstration Interface to Drive a Stepper Motor
(For details about the Demonstration Interface see: robokit.html)

  • Connect a 12 volt DC supply to the demonstration interface (in place of the 9 volt battery).

  • Solder the ‘common’ lead to the positive line on the Demonstration Interface.

  • Solder each of the other four wires to the points where the resistor connects to a line from the ULN2803. (Keep the wires in order from the common wire and solder them to data lines 0, 1, 2, and 3.)

  • Connect the interface to a computer and send ‘out’ commands of 1,2,4 and 8. The motor should ‘step’ in a clockwise, or anti-clockwise direction. – If it ‘jerks’ as it tries to change direction, or simply ‘shudders’ you will need to experiment with other control sequences.

Hopefully your motor moved in a consistent direction. Now you need to write code as outlined above and try for complete rotations

Bibiliography:-

For Stepper motor

http://www.ecawa.asn.au/home/jfuller/steppers.html

For Microcontroller:-

www.ludhianaprojects.com

Components required:

Gears assembly

Plastic Rods or plates

Ply board

Copper clad board

applications

for industrial automation

for robotics

for biomedical machines

for military application

for home automation

Bibiliography:-

http://www.ecawa.asn.au/home/jfuller/steppers.html

www.ludhianaprojects.com/mechanical.html

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